Your address will show here 12 34 56 78

Network media is what is used to connect Point A to Point B. Most people think of media as cables, but air is also media for wireless devices.

I will explain several different types of media – Coaxial cable, Unshielded Twisted Pair cable, fiber optic cable, and wireless media (air).

Coaxial Cable

Coaxial cable, also known as "coax", utilizes one wire. There is a copper wire in the middle of the cable that is used for data transmission. Around it, there is an insulator that prevails the copper cable from touching the braided shield layer. If the copper core touched the shield layer, the signal would get scrambled or there could be an electrical short, so the insulator prevails that. The braided metal shield is to keep outside interference to a minimum. The interference, or noise, that occurs from other equipment like lights, motors, or any electrical device, can interfere with the signal in the copper core. The shield conducts the noise as it comes near the cable, and it is grounded. The shield is connected to a ground when you plug the cable in, so the electrical noise gets terminated.

Electricity flows on the outside of the copper wire, so the thickness of the wire makes a difference. You can not send as much electricity through a thinner wire or else it will get hot and catch on fire or melt. If you pass the same amount of electricity through a thicker wire, it will not get hot. This is where standards come in. You want to get the right cable so the electricity can flow correctly. The more data you transmit, the more electricity is sent through the cable. These cables have an extremely low voltage, so they will not catch on fire if you use the wrong one, but the data might not get tranmitted correctly if you use the wrong cable. There are distance restrictions on these cables. For example, you could have an RG-58 cable that is up to 185 meters long, but if it was any longer, the signal would start to get weaker and it would become unreadable by the computer or device you want to communicate with.

Thin Ethernet, or RG-58, has a distance limit of 185 meters.
Thick Ethernet, or RG-8 or RG-11, has a distance limit of 500 meters.
ARCNet, or RG-62, has a variable distance limitation.

UTP Cable

UTP stands for Unshielded Twisted Pair. These cables are just copper wire pairs with no shield. Each pair of wires is twisted to prevent interference, or crosstalk. Since there are multiple wires in the cable, the electrical signal on one wire could interfere with another wire's signal. So each pair is twisted, which forms sort of a force-field around the pair to lessen interference. The more twists per inch on the wire, the more protection it has against interference, and therefore it is better quality.
The UTP cables are labeled with a category, or CAT. UTP cables have a distance limitation of 100 meters when sending binary data (not analog data, such as telephone communication).
CAT 1 – your basic cheap telephone wire. It uses 2 pairs of wires.
CAT 2 – also for telephones or alarm systems. It uses 2 pairs of wires.
CAT 3 – higher quality, and you can send data on it – up to 16 Megabits per second (Mbps). It uses 4 pairs of wires. Out of those, only 2 pairs are used (4 wires).
CAT 4 – 20 Mbps, 4 pairs.
CAT 5 – 100 Mbps, 4 pairs, higher quality (more twists per inch).
CAT 6 – 1Gbps (Gigabit per second), 4 pairs, very high quality with several more twists per inch. Also the pairs are twisted around each other.

Fiber Optic Cable

Fiber optic cables use light, therefore almost eliminating interference. Electrical signals and magnetism will not interefere with the light signals inside of a fiber optic cable. The light signals will be produced with either a laser or a light emitting diode (LED). A laser is more powerful and expensive, so it is used for long distance cables, while LEDs are used for shorter distances.

There are two different types of fiber used – single mode and multi mode. The single mode fiber has a smaller diameter than multi mode fiber. It is so small that it is actually more expensive to make than multi mode fiber. Around the fiber is a cladding. The cladding reflects the light along the fiber. With a thinner fiber, there is less room for the light to bounce around, and there before it can go a long distance before the light dissipates and the signal gets too weak. Because single mode fiber is more expensive and can go longer distances, it is commonly used in WANs (Wide Area Networks), while multi mode is commonly used in LANs (Local Area Networks).


Just as it sounds, wireless networks do not use wires, they use radio frequency. The 3 primary wireless standards are 802.11a, 802.11b, and 802.11g. 802.11 is the IEEE standard for wireless communication.

802.11a uses the 5GHz frequency to communicate. It can communicate at 54Mbps, which is fast for wireless, but it has a short range of 150 feet.
802.11b uses the 2.4GHz frequency to communicate. It can communicate at just 11Mbps, but it has a range of 300 feet. Because it uses the 2.4GHz frequency, you may run into some problems when using a cordless phone or microwave, because many of those products also use the 2.4GHz frequency.
802.11g also uses the 2.4GHz frequency to communicate. It can communicate at 54Mbps and has a range of 300 feet. Even though it uses the same frequency as 802.11b, it is faster because it sends and receives data differently.

802.11g is backwards-compatible with 802.11b. This means that if you have an 802.11b network, and a laptop with an 802.11g wireless card, it will be able to connect to the network. The 802.11g card will just slow down to 11Mbps (the limit on 802.11b networks).


Christianity promotes unity and hence team building is an essential activity of the church. To foster unity and enhance the values taught by the religion in the congregation, some Christian team building activities for adults can be organized by the church. Such activities will also help develop leadership skills, reinforce social commitments and co-operation amongst the church goers.

To develop the activities for building a team of church goers, the Bible is undoubtedly the best source. It contains numerous sermons on the importance unity and teamwork hold, in building a strong human race. So before embarking on devising activities for adult church goers, consult the Holy Scriptures thoroughly.

1. Hunt a Bible Verse: Based on the game of Treasure Hunt, this game is a great team builder that will renew interest in the Bible amongst your congregation. Get the people into groups of three to five members. Give a Bible and a list of clues for a verse in it, to each group. Some of the clues could be easy pointers to the verse. Each group should hand in their list of verses within the stipulated time.

2. Do as Jesus would do: Divide the people into groups as in the previous game. Here you will need a few facilitators. They will depict a scene or situation to each group separately. One member from the group will react to the scenario thus presented in the manner he thinks Jesus would have reacted to it. Each and every member of those taking part should be allowed to enact a scene. The chief facilitator will judge the performances.

3. Serving the Needy: Charity or helping those in need is the most Christian of all human activities. An outdoor camp could be organized at a place where people are suffering. You could serve people suffering from accidents and natural calamities, or the sick in a hospital or take care of destitute and homeless children. Here too divide the people into smaller groups and assign them different tasks.

These and other activities that instill the essence of Christianity could be regular activities in a church to build a team of people with genuine human feelings.


Stress is a term to which many are familiar these days. The modern era is an era of a predominantly fast paced life. Every one is in a hurry to reach the peak of success in all spheres of life, beating contenders and making the most of the time at hand. The craze for luxury and wealth has made the situation worse. Such a rat race marked with ambition to squeeze as many as achievements possible within every minute, has propelled one in to the gall mouth of a problem called stress which is detrimental to the emotional, psychological and also physical health of a human being.

The term stress in the context of biology and psychology, was coined in the 1930's, but has become more common in the present times. When one becomes a victim of stress, he or she fails to handle well the emotional and physical threats. When difficult or challenging situations arise in life, the brain starts releasing cortisone and adrenalin, the two major stress hormones. These hormones elevate blood pressure and prepare the body to cope with the situation. If one fails to counter the situation, the stress hormones remain unreleased in blood for a long period, resulting in physical and mental complications. Stress is relative in nature and can attack all age groups. It may be job related, family and relationship oriented and many more other types. Prolonged period of stress may take a serious toll on the health of the individual by exhausting the immune system

Causes of Stress or Stressors

1. General causes: Physical, social or financial threat, fear and its imagined consequences, feeling of uncertainty, cognitive dissonance or the failure to do as we wish or dream for.

2. Life causes: Death of loved one, soaring responsibilities, environmental change, paucity of money or owed or investing it, argument with any one, sexual dissatisfaction, lack of sleep, new work hours, health related stressors like injury, illness or pregnancy , qualms of conscience after a crime, self abuse etc

3. Work related stressors: Demands of job, relationship with colleges etc.

Symptoms of Stress

Symptoms of stress may be emotional, behavioral, physical or cognitive. Some symptoms are as follows:

1. Moodiness
2. Irritability
4. Unnecessary and excessive caring
5. Poor judgment
6. A negative outlook towards every thing
7. Agitation
8. Feeling of loneliness and depression
9. Aches
10. Constipation or dirrhea
11. Eating too much or skipping meals
12. Sleeping too much or suffering from insomnia
13. Nausea
14. Dizziness
15. Chest pain
16. Neck pain
17. Rapid heart beat
18. Excessive sweating
19. Social withdrawal
20. Nicotine, drug or alcohol dependence
21. Neglecting or shirking duties or responsibilities
22. Nervous habits like nail biting, walking up and down.

Home Remedies for Stress

1. Yoghurt is a very good remedy for stress. It can deal very well with stress induced insomnia and headaches.

2. Including sprouts in diet can manage stress well.

3. One may take a cup of tea made by boiling one teaspoon dried sage leaves in a cup of water, and sweeten the tea with honey. This would relieve stress.

4. Drinking a cup of hot milk mixed with honey and cinnamon calms a stressed mind.

5. One may boil few rose petals in a cup of water, strain and add sugar and drink the mixture to get relief from stress.

6. Chewing of basil leaves can relieve stress because basil is rich in adaptogen, an anti stress agent.

7. Alfalfa and sunflower seeds can treat stress effectively.

8. Sniffing ajwain seeds can relieve stress.

9. Hot water bath and pouring few drops of essential oil in to the bath water can relax both mind and body. This is an effective home remedy for stress.

10. Brisk walk for at least 45 minutes can help one cope with stress.

11. Practicing yogic exercises, breathing exercises and meditation can help one deal with stress.


The iOS 5 release is now a fact. The software was officially released on 12 October 2011. Now users of iPad, iPhone and iPod devices can upgrade to the new system automatically just by downloading the software for free. What do you get with iOS 5? You will enjoy over 200 cool features with one of the best ones being the Safari app.

Enjoying the content of web pages using the Safari reader has never been easier. The app automatically gets rid of all the clutter that you have around the text and picture content. On the screen of your Apple device, you will see only what you need. Ads of all kinds, menus and other common features will be out of your view. You will get to focus on the essential content. This makes reading web articles a real bliss. The text font is automatically larger and so are the pictures.

The Reading List feature available with iOS 5 offers great new opportunities to users as well. As you can guess by the name, this function allows you to save web articles to read later on. It is extremely simple to add an article to your reading list. You simply need to tap on the Add to Reading List button that shows up in the bookmarking and sharing menu and the page is automatically saved for you to use later on. Managing the list is super easy. You can add and remove articles with the touch of a button.

The iCloud technology of iOS 5 gives you the opportunity to use the reading list across a number of devices. The only condition is for the other devices to use the same software. How does it work? When you add an item to the reading list on your iPhone, you will be able to find it on the reading list of your iPad and iPod touch as well. All the information gets automatically synced. You do not have to transfer data manually. You do not have to worry about missing something either. You get access to the list from multiple devices.

There is one extra Safari feature that is available to the users of iPad with iOS 5. If you are one of them, you can enjoy tabbed internet browsing. You can open multiple web pages at the same time and switch to them with a touch of your finger. You will get the same experience as if you are using a computer. Given the added reading features, you will enjoy even greater benefits.


Before your next dentist visit brush up on some of the terms your dental professionals may use. With the dental technology advances that have been made in the last few decades, terms may come up in conversation that you have not heard before. Be ready for your discussions with your Herrin cosmetic dentist by brushing up on the 11 latest and most important terms. Southern Illinois cosmetic dentists want your experience to be as trouble free as possible. Learn a few more terms and be an informed patient the next time you visit your Herrin gentle dentist.

1) Bonding:
Bonding is an adhesive dental restoration technique. Bonding is a procedure to exist tooth-colored resin to the tooth's surface, creating a bond. Bonding is performed by Herrin cosmetic dentists with a tooth-colored composite resin to repair and / or change the color or shape of a tooth. Resin is used for bonding due to its similarities to enamel. The composite resin bonding process is where the resin is bonded to a tooth's surface, but then sculpted into shape, hardened, and polished.

2) DDS:
DDS is short for "Doctor of Dental Surgery," DDS is equivalent to DMD.

3) DMD:
DMD is short for "Doctor of Medical Dentistry," DMD is equivalent to DDS.

4) Veneer:
Veneers are plastic or porcelain bonded directly to the facing of a tooth by your cosmetic dentist to improve your teeth's appearance, and fix your smile. Southern Illinois cosmetic dentists use special composite ultra-thin laminates or porcelain bonded to teeth. Typically, Herrin cosmetic dentists use veneers for repairing worn, cracked, and chipped teeth.

5) Impression:
An impression is a mold made of the teeth and soft tissues by your dentist to get an accurate model of your mouth before having major implant, bridge, or denture work done. Impressions are also taken to properly fit custom mouth guards.

6) Mouth Guard:
A mouth guard, or night guard, is an acrylic appliance used to prevent wear and temporomandibular damage caused by grinding the teeth while sleeping.

7) Intraoral Camera:
An intraoral camera is a small video camera your dentist uses to view and magnify oral conditions. With many intraoral cameras images may be printed by your Herrin dental professionals.

8) Laughing Gas:
Laughing gas, properly called Nitrous oxide, is an odorless inhaled anesthetic that produces relative analgesic (sedation); decreases anxiety and creates a state of relaxation. Laughing gas is a general anesthetic used by Herrin gentle dentists to make your experience less traumatic if you experience dental fear and dental phobia.

9) Pit:
A pit is a small defect in your tooth's enamel. Pits often appear when the four formative lobes of a developing tooth join.

10) Implant:
An implant is a fixed dental appliance used for the replacement of a tooth by a Herrin cosmetic dentist. An artificial device replacing tooth root is often made of titanium. The implant may anchor an artificial tooth, bridge, or denture.

11) Crown:
A crown is a dental restoration performed by a Herrin cosmetic dentist covering all or almost all of your natural tooth. Crowns are covers, caps, or replacements used to restore the missing part of a damaged tooth.


It's challenging to enjoy your day if you're not sleeping well at night. A lack of sleep is damaging to both your physical and mental health. You're a less-capable person when your sleep is off.

While insomnia can be challenging to solve in a few instances, there are often things you can do on your own to enhance the quality of your sleep.

Get a good night's sleep and be happier and more productive during the day by using these techniques:

1. Avoid daytime naps. If you are having trouble getting a good night's sleep, perhaps your naps are part of the problem. Naps are great if you do not have time for a full night's sleep, but can keep you up at night if overdone.

2. Ensure your room is dark. Way, way back in the day, there were no lights away from the sun, stars, and moon. Now, there are all sorts of light pollution from other homes and street lights. A city can light up the entire sky. Make the room as lightless as you can.

3. Keep a regular schedule. That means getting up at a particular time, even on the weekends. If you get up at 6 AM each day but sleep in until 10 AM on the weekends, you're likely to have sleep quality issues. If you need a little more rest on the weekends, try going to bed 30 minutes earlier.

4. Have a comfortable mattress and pillow. You likely spend more time each week sleeping than you do in any other activity. Now is not the time to skimp. Ensure that you have a quality mattress and pillow so you can relax comfortably.

5. Have an evening ritual. Teach your body that it's time to sleep. You may end your evening by having a small glass of water and watching the news with the lights turned down. Or you might meditate for a few minutes. Just be consistent and avoid anything that stimulates you.

6. Keep your evening meal light. Or, limit your eating to earlier in the evening. A large meal before bedtime is sure to interfere with your quality of sleep.

7. Avoid lit screens at night. Studies have shown that using backlit e-book readers and cell phones can cause sleep disturbances. Consider using an old-fashioned paper book if you want to read.

8. Limit the amount of light in your environment the last hour or two before bed. Limiting light will encourage your body to relax and wind down.

9. Get some exercise during the day. While training at night can impede sleep, daytime exercise can increase the quality of your sleep. Avoid overtraining, which significantly interferes with sleep.

10. Keep your mind still while lying in bed. The easiest way to keep yourself awake is to think negative, stressful thoughts. You're in bed, so there's nothing you can do at the moment to resolve any of the challenges in your life. Think happy thoughts, focus on your breathing, or count to yourself.

11. Keep evening drinking to a minimum. That includes alcoholic and non-alcoholic beverages. Consuming alcohol can interfere with your sleep. Any liquids can create the need to get up in the middle of the night. Consider having a drink of water two hours before bed, or keep the quantity to a minimum.

If you've ever had to stay up all night, you know just how important sleep can be. It can be worth the effort to ensure your sleep each night is tip-top. Avoid the belief that you're just not a good sleeper and that 5 hours of sleep is all that you require. Take steps to enjoy the best possible night of sleep. You'll enjoy the difference.


Causes of Success

1.Write down your goals and the time frame to achieve them, review it often.

2.Get properly prepared

3.Learn just enough to start a project, do not worry about the middle or finish, they can not be predicted anyway. But not starting guarantees failure.

4.Learn from past mistakes by building from them, not dwelling on them.

5.Act confident even when you are not


6.Do it NOW! Waiting lessens the chance you will do it.

7.Plan out your action steps for the day before you start the day. Write them down.

8.Listen to opinions of others, but realize they are just that, opinions. No one is better qualified to run your business than you; and no one can.

9.Never stop going forward, let nothing get in your way. If you can not move it out of the way, change your angle, but do not stop the forward momentum. Starting and Good Momentum is 90% of success.

10.Talk to yourself in a positive way. Build yourself up, from your mind up. Tell yourself you already have it. See yourself as already having it. Act like what you want to be. Believe what you do not believe … it's called Faith.

11.Worry can not help any situation and will, in fact, draw to you what you fear. Fear is conquered by facing it. Facing it with support from others will make it easier. Find like individuals facing the same fear and share stories.

Causes of Failure


1.Unclear Goals and Time Frames

2.Lack of Preparation

3.Over Analysis

4.Thoughs of Past Failures

5.Lack of Confidence



7.No Daily Plan of Action

8.Influenced from negative outsiders / authority figures

9.Negative Self-Talk

10.Lack of Persistence

11.Worry and Fear of possible Negative Effects


Houston offices are varied, plentiful and qualified to the majority of most business needs.

Any type of business whether fledgling or newly established can benefit from the services and top-class facilities on offer. The bounteous supply of work rooms means there's a plethora of choice, which is grand for those who love to take the time to search in depth but confusing for people who need a quick resolution to their office space dilemmas. Here's a quick rundown of the types of office space you'll come across in Houston for those of you who need a helping hand.

Executive office suites – These offices are among the best of the lot in the Houston district because they provide tenants with a complete set of useful facilities, such as phone lines and Wi-Fi access. Furnishings, work stations and other technological devices such as conference call accessories are also included, making it far easier for a swift move that comes without the hassle of arranging the delivery of time-consuming gadgets and services for the staff. You'll be able to start work straight away as the cost of renting the space incorporates many of the items a company requires to begin immediately.

Flexi-lease offices – These offices provide tenants with flexible leasing arrangements that can cover weeks or months. They are ideal for companies who need room to manoeuvre and adapt to changing environments. Plus the Houston area is sooner to ups and downs in industries across varying sectors, which can better or worse business successes leading to fluctuating profits and costs. There are many spaces that you can hire for a few days a week or scattered afternoons such as meeting rooms, conference rooms or document review spaces.

Virtual offices – These offices provide clients with a business postal address and telephone number in a prominent location without a concrete office space to work in. The benefit of these spaces is that you can work from home, a shop or even a cafe while your customers believe you are located in an illustrious area, adding weight to your company image. Calls to your Houston office space will be forwarded on to you and your mail can be picked up or delivered to your real base.


In a country there can be many cultures living side by side. This is due to countries opening up, air travel becoming cheaper and easier which have allowed more and more people to go to other countries. For instance, Britain has seen migrants from all over the world from all walks of life; students, doctors, engineers, information technology professionals, nurses and many others have come to Britain to live and work.

This has allowed multi-different cultures and ethnic groups to live together in a country like Britain. Britain has seen waves of migrants from all over the world; from Africa, India and other European countries. There are two aspects of this development. Firstly, a multiethnic country can be good country. This allows cultural diversity; people from different countries can contribute in their own way. For instance, Britain has a large Indian population and many of them are doctors. These Indian doctors have contributed significantly to the health of the country. Many work as consultants, general practitioners, researchers, all contributing to the health and welfare of Britain. Another example is Indian migrants from Africa have contributed to building businesses.

Hence the positive aspects of various cultures in a country can contribute to the country’s social and economic development. Alternatively, if large groups of different cultures accumulate, it can cause social friction. The native population can see the immigrants as their competitors taking their jobs, houses, benefits etc. In addition, if some of these immigrants refuse to integrate, this can cause further social tension and civil unrest, in some cases riots.

Finally, I would like to mention that different cultures and ethnic groups living together have more social benefits than negative development. Britain is a prime example of such a society where many ethnic groups and cultures exist and live together. Britain has witnessed migration from various countries. In any city of Britain, one is able to see people from various ethnic groups living together. These groups have contributed to society in all aspects be it health, business, education or technology.

Britain is truly a multiethnic country. Rarely Britain has seen social unrest due to multiculturalism; this is not to say that tension cannot build up. Waves of immigrants are coming to Britain from Eastern European countries and people are now complaining about Britain’s ability to accommodate them all. It’s time that Britain policy makers take tough action and make immigration harder.


Family is very important part of our everyday life. It helps us in improving our personality. It also helps us in shaping our life. It teaches us the value of love, affection, care, truthfulness and self-confidence and provides us tools and suggestions which are necessary to get success in life.

Family is a place where you can be yourself. It is a place where you are accepted for what you are. This is where you are completely tension free and everyone is there to help you. Family encourages you when you are surrounded by problems. It helps you survive through tough times and bring joy and happiness into life.

Decency is very important in the communication of daily life. It helps us make strong relationship with others and make us come across as a very gentle, intelligent and likable person. Everyone loves to be in a company of such person. Family helps bring decency into our life which is necessary to lead a happy life.

One of the most important aims of our life is to build a successful and highly rewarding career. Our families help us in creating a strong future. It gives us valuable suggestion about different career prospective. It not only guides us in choosing the best but also financially helps us to cover the expenses of education. Thus it helps us in making a good future.

The importance of family is probably realized when one went to holiday or celebrate an occasion without family members. It was very hard to celebrate an occasion or went to holiday without being surrounded by family members. At that time probably we realize that how important they are to us. At that time, we came to know about the importance of our families.

Today, most people don’t realize the importance of family. They prefer to spend most of their time with their friends. But when they are surrounded by problems, it was their family that helped them get rid of problems. At the time, when even our best friends refuse to help us, it was our family that came to help us. So it is very important for each and every individual to give importance to their families above anything else and enjoy spending time with family members.


Refund & Privacy Policy